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Statistics of child trafficking are almost impossible to gather. Many children targeted are runaways, homeless or from such poor communities they may not even have an identity with the authorities.

This is a summary of statistics that are available but these are conservative.

  • 2 million children are trafficked worldwide (UNICEF)

  • Trafficking is a billion dollar industry and is the fastest growing illegal trade

  • 150,000 new escort ads are posted online every day. Somewhere in that pile of data are children who are bought and sold online for sex. (THORN) each year in the USA. (

  • 1000 American children are arrested for prostitution




  • 35% of Cambodia’s prostitutes are under the age of 16 (UNICEF)

  • Most victims of rape are children with the median age of child rape victims being 12 years old (ECPAT)


  • Children represent about 15% of the number of victims of trafficking identified each year in Romania.

  • In 2007, 292 children were identified and in 2008, 186 children, the vast majority (87%) of the females

  • Three quarters of the children were sexually exploited, the most vulnerable age group being 14-17 years (94%).

  • There is a lack of knowledge on the new trends of the trafficking phenomenon in Romania , especially after 2007, when Romania became an EU member state. 


  • According to UNICEF, children in 10,000 to 15,000 girls living in Malindi, Mombasa, Kilifi and Diani are involved in casual sex work. 

  • A further 2,000 to 3,000 girls and boys are sexually exploited year-round by sex tourists, in these same areas. Other estimates suggest that as many as 30,000 girls between the ages of 12 and 14 are lured into hotels and private villas to be sexually exploited.

  • The challenge in fighting child sexual exploitation is the fact that the community has accepted this as a normal form of income. The elasticity of tolerance is wide.

  • This is perhaps the most serious child trafficking occurrence in Kenya and has evolved into child pornography, pedophilia, social media grooming, and sexual streaming.


   30 - 60 thousand women and children are exported from Russia and about 50 countries are destinations. The main forms of exploitation are sexual and labor. This scale is due to the fact that human trafficking brings in much more money than the cost of transporting it. In this case, a person, unlike drugs and weapons, can be sold repeatedly. 


The Government of The Gambia does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. These efforts included adopting a new national referral mechanism (NRM) and training government officials and service providers on its implementation. The government identified more victims and continued efforts to raise public awareness of trafficking. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period, even considering the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its anti-trafficking capacity. The government did not convict any traffickers for the fourth consecutive year. Government agencies charged with combating trafficking continued to lack resources and training, and victim services remained inadequate. Therefore The Gambia remained on Tier 2 Watch List for the second consecutive year.

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